The heat is on in Texas, with temperatures already reaching record highs in the triple digits as summer has settled across the Lone Star State. A heat wave is a period of extreme heat that is often accompanied by high levels of humidity, which falls outside of the normal seasonal climate pattern; outdoor temperatures are much higher than average during these periods. Heat waves can lead to some serious heat-related emergencies for people who are overexposed to the hot weather and sun. The number one weather-related killer is heat. Texans should be aware of heat impacts on health, so they can be prepared. There are a number of warning signs for health crises related to extreme heat. Read on to learn some signs of heat-related illness that will help you beat the heat.

 

SUNBURN

Sunburn is a common condition among people who spend a lot of time outdoors during sunny summer days; it can range from mild to severe. Symptoms of sunburn include redness, pain, skin that is warm to the touch, and even blisters in the worst cases. Sunburn symptoms tend to develop within a few hours following sun exposure.

 

Preventing sunburn is easy to do. The first step is to stay out of the sun for extended periods. Secondly, you should always apply sunscreen and wear lightweight, light-colored clothing to block some of the harmful rays of the sun when you do spend time outdoors.

 

HEAT STROKE

Heat stroke is a life-threatening illness and a medical emergency. The warning signs for heat stroke can include a body temperature of 103°F or higher, confusion, headache, nausea, dizziness, loss of consciousness, a rapid and strong pulse, and dry skin.

 

If you are experiencing one or more of these heat stroke symptoms in extreme heat, you need to call 911 immediately for medical assistance. While waiting, make sure to move to a cooler place and attempt to bring your temperature down by applying cool cloths or taking a cool bath.

 

HEAT EXHAUSTION

Heat exhaustion can occur following several days of exposure to high temperatures without taking in enough fluids. Signs of heat exhaustion include heavy sweating, rapid breathing, a rapid and/or weak pulse, and others.

 

If you are experiencing heat exhaustion, move to a cool place and loosen your clothes. Apply a cool, damp cloth to your neck and/or forehead and take slow sips of water. If you begin vomiting or your other symptoms worsen, or if your symptoms last over an hour, seek medical assistance at that time.

 

HEAT CRAMPS

Heat cramps can occur when exercising or undergoing strenuous work in extreme heat. Symptoms include heavy sweating and muscle pains or spasms, usually in your abdomen, arms, or legs.

 

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, cease physical activity immediately and move to a cool place out of direct sunlight to rest; also try to stretch and/or massage cramping muscles. Drinking water or a sports drink slowly can also be helpful.

 

RESOURCES

  • “Warning Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Illness”

https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/warning.html

  • “Heat-Related Illnesses (Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke)”

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/heatrelated-illnesses-heat-cramps-heat-exhaustion-heat-stroke

Air conditioning is the top resource people can use for protection against heat-related illness and death. Air conditioning systems can help Texans beat the heat; they allow people to enjoy a sustained healthy temperature indoors which helps keep people from overheating too quickly. If you need to replace or repair your current system in Austin, Texas or the surrounding area, The Coolest LLC is the professional HVAC installation and maintenance company to call. The knowledgeable and experienced air conditioning specialists of The Coolest are committed to providing excellent customer service and professional advice regarding your HVAC options. The experts at The Coolest are ready to assist you with all your home heating and cooling needs. Contact The Coolest LLC today for more information and a free quote.